Phở Bò – Vietnamese Beef Noodle Soup




To me, there is nothing like a good bowl of Phở, with its rich, satisfying broth – infused with ginger, onion and spices, and warm rice noodles spiked with fresh herbs, lime and chilies. It’s my comfort food and I would eat it everyday if I could.

When I go home to Orange County, one of the first things I do is head out to what local Vietnamese call “Bolsa” (which we fobby folks pronounce Bone-sah) . There, with friends or family, I’ll get my phở fix at one of the many phở shops that line Bolsa Avenue in Westminster. Once seated at our table, we’ll order our phở in whatever way we like– with cooked brisket (thịt chín), tendon(gân), tripe (sách); with beef balls (bò viên); with cooked flank (thịt nạm) and thin, rare beef slices (thịt tái); or a combination of all the above in what’s known as Dặc Biệt.

Within a matter of minutes, our steaming bowls arrive at our table along with a plate of garnishes which features fresh herbs: thai basil (rau quế), coriander aka cilantro (rau ngò), saw-tooth herb aka culantro (rau ngò gai), bean sprouts, fresh chilies and lime wedges. Sipping my bowl of pho, I marvel at how simple and refined this dish is, for example, in the way the spices sort of echo the flavors of the fresh herbs — the coriander seed with the cilantro and the star anise and cinnamon with with the thai basil. It’s hard not to have your senses awaken to what is hot, sour, salty and sweet.

As we dig in, I become instantly aware that I’m in an Asian environment as I hear slurp, slurp sounds growing all around me. We finish our bowls like a Coca-Cola commercial with a resounding ahhhhh.






Here, in the Midwest, a good bowl of phở is more elusive than perhaps Britney Spears’ underwear. And believe me, I’ve searched —- for phở, that is!

Thus, my only choice is to make my own. In my opinion, it seems only fitting to make a large amount of phở broth so you can invite as many people over as you can and if there’s any broth left over, which there often is in my home, you can freeze it in 2-quart containers. These are perfect to make 2 big bowls of phở anytime later when you’re in a pinch.

The broth is the essence of this dish and so there’s no room for cheating or shortcuts, which means no instant phở paste, imitation phở seasoning or canned broth. Sorry, Sarah Moulton. Yes, making phở at home is laborious. Be prepared to spend a few hours on preparing the ingredients and many more hours to simmer the broth.

At our home, making phở was something usually reserved for the weekend. My mom would often make the broth a day before and assemble the rest of the ingredients the following day. In the end, your reward will be something that is not only delicious but also free of preservatives and artificial flavor enhancers (like MSG). Amen to that!

Phở Bò

INGREDIENTS (8 servings)

  • 1 large yellow onion
  • 5 medium-large shallots
  • 3-4 inch piece of fresh ginger
  • 5 lbs. beef leg (shank) bones
  • 1 lb. beef tendon
  • 1 lb. beef brisket
  • sachet of whole (not ground) spices:
    • 1 cinnamon stick (regular or Vietnamese cassia)
    • 5 star anise
    • 5 cloves
    • 1 tsp. coriander seed
    • 1 tsp. fennel seed
    • 1/2 tsp. cumin
  • 1 Tbl. of salt
  • 4 Tbl. of fish sauce
  • small cube of rock sugar (or 1 Tbl. raw cane sugar)
  • 7-8 quarts water
  • 2 packages of phở rice noodles (dry or fresh)*
  • 1 package beef balls (bò viên)
  • 1lb. beef sirloin (thinly sliced) – to be served rare
  • 1lb. beef tripe, thinly sliced (often labeled as “book tripe” ) – not to be confused with “honeycomb” tripe
  • 1 medium yellow onion, sliced into thin “half -moons”
  • fresh coriander, stems and leaves, roughly chopped
  • green onion, both green and white part, thinly sliced
  • fresh ground black pepper
  • Vegetable garnish:
    • Thai basil
    • Culantro
    • Coriander
    • Bean Sprouts
    • Lime wedges
    • Thai “bird” chilies


  • To begin, dry-roast the spices in a small skillet on medium heat. Watch carefully as the spices can scorch easily. As the spices toast, they’ll become fragrant and deeply hued.
  • Remove from heat and tie them inside a cheesecloth sachet or large tea infuser. Set aside.
  • Cut the onion and ginger lengthwise, leaving the skins attached.
  • Place the onion, ginger and shallots on a baking sheet and broil them until their skins are nicely charred and blistered (usually 2-3 minutes). Remove from the oven and set aside.
  • To make a clear broth, begin by parboiling the beef bones. Place the bones in a large stock pot. Cover with cold water and bring to a boil. After 3-5 minutes, drain the bones and give them a good rinse and scrub to remove the most of the sediment.
  • Next, add 7-8 quarts of cold water to the bones and bring to a boil. Skim off any of the scum that rises to the top. Add the beef tendon and beef brisket.
  • Then, add the charred onion, ginger and shallots (skins attached) to the broth, along with the spice sachet. Add the salt, fish sauce and sugar. Bring down the heat to low and simmer for about 2 hours.
  • At this point, the brisket will be ready. It should be cooked through and feel slightly springy to the touch. Remove the brisket from the pot and set it on a plate. Immediately tent with plastic wrap or foil.
  • Continue to simmer the broth another 2-2.5 hours. At this point, the tendon should be ready. Remove it from the pot and place it next to the brisket and cover again. Taste the broth and adjust for seasoning (fish sauce/sugar).
  • Once the tendon has rested for at least 15 minutes, slice the tendon and the brisket into thin slices (against the grain). You may also slice the beef balls in half. Rinse the tripe in hot water and thinly slice (It’s sold pre-cooked).
  • Slice the raw beef sirloin into thin slices, at least 1/8 inch thin. **
  • You’re now ready to assemble the bowls. Cook the noodles according to the package instructions. Divide the noodles among the bowls and layer the slices of cooked beef brisket, beef tendon, beef balls, beef tripe and raw beef sirloin slices. Top it all off with the yellow and green onion slices and fresh coriander.
  • When you’re ready to serve the phở, bring the broth to rolling boil. Ladle the hot broth (3-4 ladles’ worth) into the prepared bowls and sprinkle fresh cracked black pepper on top. Serve with the herb and vegetable garnish and allow your guests to hand-tear into their bowl whatever amount they like.

*When using dry noodles, be sure to soak them in lukewarm water for about 10 minutes – not longer, as they can become soggy. Unlike regular pasta, you’ll want to boil individual servings of the noodles (they cook very quickly, usually in less than a minute). Place a handful of the noodles into a mesh sieve and immerse in the boiling water. When the noodles are “al dente,” lift the sieve, shaking to remove excess water and drop the noodles into the serving bowls.

**A tip for slicing the beef sirloin is to place it in the freezer for about an hour. This way, it’s easier to cut very thin slices of beef which will cook to rare (or med. rare) once the hot broth is ladled onto it.


Bon appétit!


18 Responses to “Phở Bò – Vietnamese Beef Noodle Soup”

  1. chocolateshavings Says:

    I love Pho – when I went to Vietnam a couple years back, I would have pho for breakfast. I have only had it restaurants since, but would love to try making it out home! Your recipe sounds great, thanks!

  2. Oliver Says:

    Wow! It looks like quite an undertaking to make! I absolutely love Pho. It’s very popular here in Montreal (some people say Pho is Montreal as Curry is to England) and really warms you up in the winter.

    By the way, thank you for your Nuoc Mam recipe. I actually got a recipe from my grandmother a couple weeks ago and it’s pretty different, with more water and less sugar:
    1 part fish sauce, 1 part vinegar, 0.5 sugar and 5 parts water.

    I will try yours though, next time, just for fun.

    Beautiful pictures, by the way.

  3. holybasil Says:

    Salut chocolateshavings!
    I’m glad you love pho as well. Like you, I also enjoyed a steamy bowl of pho for breakfast when I traveled to Viet Nam. Perhaps I should rename the title “Pho – Breakfast of champions!”

    Hi Oliver-
    Thanks for your comments. I’ve never been to Montreal so I didn’t know that Pho was so ubiquitous there. More reason for me to make a trip there soon. My mom’s basic recipe is a “rough” one, so feel free to adjust according to your taste. Also, keep in mind that proportions/ingredients do change depending on what dish it’s used for. For example, sometimes you may add fresh ginger/garlic/grated carrots to the sauce.

  4. Oliver Says:

    So I whipped up a batch of ban xeo the other day and tried your variation on nuoc mam. It was excellent, but much stronger than my version. It tastes alot more like the stuff you get in restaurants. I think you’re right about changing it based on the meal. I’ll use yours from now on as a dipping sauce, and use the weaker versions for dishes where its actually poured on (like ban xeo) so it doesn’t overpower everything.


  5. holybasil Says:

    Oliver –
    Where was I when you whipped up a batch of bánh xèo?
    Glad the sauce works for you. I hope to get around to doing a post on the various nước chắm. Won’t that be fun?

  6. blee27 Says:

    It’s always interesting to see the different variations on this wonderful soup. I made it a while back with beef short ribs and brisket and far more anise pods, but the shallots in your recipe strike me as a necessary edition for my next batch.

  7. Cindy Says:

    They looked so good,
    I always wanna make it myself but just overwhelmed by how much I need to prepare for it,
    Good job there!

  8. holybasil Says:

    Hi blee27-
    Beef short ribs are great – I do hope that you also combine them w/ shank bones as they add the necessary depth and richness for the broth. Aren’t shallots wonderful? They add another dimension to the broth as well as a lovely golden color.

    Hi Cindy- Thank you! I know it may look intimidating, but it’s not as much work if you can round up some buddies to help.

  9. Andrea Says:

    I have a question: what is Thai Basil? Maybe you said and I missed (sorry), but I did a Thai recipe a while back and it called for Thai Basil. I just used what I found fresh and organic at Traders, and it wasn’t Thai. What did I miss?

    Great job on all this, Christine! I am enjoying it more than I should – as I keep reading it and I should be doing something else. Are you taking the photos or is Pierre? They are fabulous. I am going to pass your blog onto Janet. She will really enjoy it. I am glad you are enjoying what you are doing so much. I would love to take one of your classes, too! Especially on the Thai cooking. I love all the lime and cilantro, etc. MMMMMMM. Do you dance while you cook? Thanks for sharing.

    Love ya! Andrea and the gang

  10. Janet Says:

    You have taken me down memory lane. I remember sitting in a little hole in the wall restaurant on Bolsa Ave with some very dear friends, I think you know them :-), receiving instructions on how to garnish our Pho and slurp it. What a crew, we did draw a lot of attention! I think we do have a couple of Vietnamese places here, but sadly, have not tried them. Now I can try this at home! Andrea, maybe we can try this recipe together??? I will have to start growing some new herbs and vegetables.

  11. holybasil Says:

    Andrea and the gang! So great to hear from you! Thanks so much for stopping by 🙂

    When compared to the Italian basil that you’re most likely referring to, Thai basil can be distinguished by its slightly narrower green leaves and purplish stem (it’s in the photo above, in btw the red chiles and cilantro). Unfortunately, you can’t use them interchangeably, the aromas and tastes are very different; with thai basil having a licorice, anise-like quality. It’s often stocked at Asian grocery stores but look out for it at your farmer’s market as well.

    Yes, I do take all my photos and edit them using Photoshop. I’m certainly not the awesome pro that Pierre is, but I try…

    And yes, I do dance when I cook! I make the students dance too. They plié as they stir-fry. Fun stuff!

    Much love to you, Brian, Luke, Brigid, AJ, Maddy, Kevin & Owen! And bisous to Jim & Carol

  12. holybasil Says:

    How are you??? Wow. Must be my lucky day! You and Andrea on my blog.

    Those were good times, man! I hope you do try growing it as it does really well out there in the calif. climate.
    Please send my love to Gerry and the kids. We’ll have a phở reunion soon. I promise
    xo christine

  13. The Guilty Carnivore Says:

    Wonderful Pho post. Exhaustive, complete, and erudite.

    I like the mix/balance of your spice sachet – I’ve discovered allspice is nice addition as well.

  14. holybasil Says:

    Guilty Carni-
    Wow. Thank you!

    Allspice, huh? I will try it next time. I also want to do a variation on the spice sachet that includes black cardamom (thảo quả).

  15. Carol Chien Says:

    Hi Christine,
    Please let me know the best Pho restaurant in Michigan,
    I would also like to know the address of the Vietnamese grocery store you visit in Troy, thanks.
    Great recipes and pictures, I enjoyed reading your food site.

  16. Phở Gà - Vietnamese Chicken Noodle Soup « Malay Warrior Says:

    […] in popularity to Phở Bò (Vietnamese Beef Noodle Soup) is Phở Gà. If you live in Southern California, you might have […]

  17. Dieu Ly Says:

    Thanks for sharing

  18. Phở Gà – Vietnamese Chicken Noodle Soup | PhOOlivia Says:

    […] in popularity to Phở Bò (Vietnamese Beef Noodle Soup) is Phở Gà. If you live in Southern California, you might have […]

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: